Selasa, 05 Januari 2016

Genghis Khan

The story of Genghis Khan
the story of the Mongolian nation is genghis khan. For those of you who do not like about the past history may still mendegar tale story of the nation's "Mongol", led by the king of "Genghis Khan". Genghis khan is known to be very cruel and did not hesitate reluctant to kill his faithful, and reported in the past the Mongolian or genghis khan almost conquered the whole world.

Here is the story of the story of the Mongols and Genghis Khan:

1. Expansion The Mongols

Mongol expansion is a major expansion of the Mongols led by Genghis Khan to conquer the Eurasian region at the beginning of the 13th century. Riding horses with stout, Genghis Khan with his troops managed to sow terror in the Eurasian continent for a little more than one decade. Genghis Khan was first directed his attention to the Tartars. After defeating them, he switched to the south, namely to China, when the Song Dynasty are on the verge of collapse and therefore, the target of plunder for the Mongols. Genghis captured Beijing in the year 1214 and soon occupied large parts of China and established the Yuan Dynasty. In 1219, he turned to the West (Europe), ie to areas that have never heard of conquests does. Mongol hordes crashing Europe after defeating one of Northeast Asia. They beat Russia, destroying the Persian Empire, annexed Poland and Hungary as well as threatened throughout Europe. Over the next eight years Genghis creating the largest contiguous empire the world has never seen. Ways and Genghis Khan Expansion purpose different from the previous emperors. He destroys everything in sight, indiscriminately. He attacks not to govern, but to loot, rape, and kidnap the girls for they bring into the country, it is this which made him feared throughout Eurasia. As quickly as they came, they left as quickly conquered countries. Because the area is too vast and governance systems that rely on one leader, then so Genghis Khan died, his descendants each other for power and they leave their expansion in Europe to return to Mongolia for power with their brothers.

2. The Government of Genghis Khan

Year 1211, Genghis Khan started a war against the Jin Dynasty. Both from the ethnic rebels Qidan, Han, even of the tribe's own Jurchens many joined the Mongols against the Jin Dynasty who was already corrupt. In late July 1218, Yelu for the first time met with the great conqueror in the meadow Sari (next baratSungai Kerulen). Him Genghis Khan said, "Liao and Jin were sworn enemies, now I have to avenge you" However Yelu answer "grandfather and father's servant in a row serve the Jin Dynasty, how can I as a servant and a child duplicity with regard superiors and my father as an enemy? "The answer is to make all those present, including Genghis Khan impressed by the loyalty and courage. Seeing the extraordinary talent, Genghis Khan invited him to join and give him important positions in his administration, then he was only 28 years old. He is also known by the nickname given Genghis him, 'Urtu Saqal' (which means 'the long beard') because of his tall with a beard up to the waist, after an advisor, he advises on Genghis Khan in order to better collect taxes and give the opportunity to serve the people who defeated the Mongols than to slaughter them. Policies include reforms in public administration eg power-sharing between the civilian and the military as well as implementing a number of taxes and levies. Yelu opinion of many that heard by Genghis Khan that his career rose rapidly and became one of the official belief. This creates a feeling of envy at his political opponents. Once upon a time, a maker of arrows from Western Xia (kingdom conquered Mongol) said on Genghis Khan in front of the other officials, "Now this is the era of chaos and what is needed is at war, nerds like Yelü Chucai what use to us?" Instead angry, Yelu instead calmly asked in return, "as making a bow great needed a weapons expert, does rule the country does not need an expert?" question this reply makes the maker of arrows silent shame while Genghis Khan more sure on the intelligence Yelu and increasingly trust him ,

3. The Reign Ogedei Khan
Genghis Khan died in 1227 and was succeeded by his son Ogedei Khan. Under the reign of the new khan Yelu remains believed to be an advisor. He is credited with consolidating the sons of Genghis and officials to remain compact and faithful to Ogedei. As an educated man, he always prioritize policies rather than violence and brain than muscle. Once upon a time will start the battle, Ogedei sarcastically asked him, "Are you going to lament those people again?". However Yelu calmly replied, "You can conquer an empire on horseback, but will not be able to command it from the same place". In 1232, when the capital of Jin, Kaifeng, falls, the Mongol generals including Subutai, already planning scorched earth of the city and massacred the population there. Yelu soon persuaded Ogedei to prevent further tragedy. He stressed that the aim of the war is gaining ground and the people, is the futility of mere gaining ground but without its human resources. Ogedei then also lowered injunction prohibiting the slaughter of the population and prisoners of war apart from clan Wanyan (Jin Dynasty royal family). Thus the 1.47 million inhabitants of Kaifeng when the survivors of the massacre. After the Jin Dynasty collapsed, several cities in Gansuyang still loyal to Jin Dynasty to continue resistance. Once again thanks to persuasion Yelu, Ogedei issued a statement on the safety of those who surrender. The results are the cities one by one succumb to the Mongols without having to go through bloody battles. In 1229, Yelu completed his paper entitled "Note Journey to the West" (西游 录). This paper is based on military reports coming when Genghis Khan expedition to the conquest of Persia. It contained an explanation of everything about the areas traversed, such as geography and local culture. This work became an invaluable reference and is widely used by future generations. Besides Note Journey to the West, Yelu also edited several other writings are also a set of laws that would become the foundation for the establishment of Yuandi Dynasty of China.